How to spot history in your OS map
Mary-Ann Ochota, OS GetOutside Champion & author of Hidden Histories: A Spotter’s Guide to the British Landscape reveals some of the most common archaeological clues you’ll spot on an OS map.
Staying safe in the
great outdoors, seizing adventurous possibilities, understanding our
environment - the practical reasons to learn map reading are as clear as
contour lines. But, says GetOutside Champion Belinda Dixon, learning navigation
skills can also bring broader benefits, from feeling empowered to finding a
path in life.
Here are Belinda's seven reasons on why you should learn how to map read:
If songwriters are the philosophers of our times (and they are) a sense of feeling lost is a powerful thing. Whichever generation you're from, whoever gets your toes tapping you can bet your last landmark that words linked to being uncertain, dislocated and adrift crop up.
Do You Know Where You're Going To? Dianna Ross (1975); Mariah Carey (1998)
Wake Me Up, Avicii (2013)
Do You Know the Way to San Jose? Dionne Warwick (1968)
Maps, Macy Gray (2012)
"(Is This The Way To) Amarillo? Tony Christie (1971); Peter Kay (2005)
You see? In fact when someone needs to sort themselves out people refer to it (often mockingly) as 'finding yourself'. So if we mock what matters (and we do) knowing where we are and where we're going in life is a Big Thing.
The practical reasons are of course also key. In this photo three
friends are nailing the navigation in a white out in the Cairngorms.
Treacherous conditions, steep drops and a risk of avalanches meant that without
their map reading skills we would have been in danger. With them, and their
broader winter skills, we were relatively safe. From Snowdonia to the Peak
District, via the moors and shores, being able to work out where you are, and
how to get home, helps keep you safe.
Being able to navigate opens up an extraordinary array of outdoors options. Here, experienced outdoor professional Ellie is leading us across Scotland’s Creag Meagaidh Range. Something you wouldn't even dream of doing without knowing your nav. Developing map reading and broader outdoors skills opens up a wealth of UK terrain - provided you get proper training, it can mean you can explore it in different seasons too. Getting lessons helps enormously, is satisfying and is also huge fun. Back in April the Ordnance Survey GetOutside Champions developed our map-reading skills on a superb weekend course with the Ultimate Navigation School – a charity that ploughs its profits back into outdoors charities. Good learning for good causes - it's a win-win.
I'm lucky to be a leader with the youth personal development
charity British Exploring, which runs expeditions to extreme environments. My
specialism is Media not outdoors skills, although each time we go out I learn a
little more. But the map reading and outdoors skills of my Adventure Leader
counterparts have got us up the high hills of the Himalayas, guided us down
Yukon rivers and brought us safely back to base camp. Navigation is a
fundamental part of a skill set that's not only opened up extreme environments
and turned the outdoors into a career for those leaders, but also provides genuine
development opportunities to thousands.
Open a map and suddenly, a hill has a name, a cliff has a height, a river a course. Paths are revealed, prehistoric sites emerge, woods take shape. Handily, toilets and pubs are outlined too. The names peppering the paper in front of you speak volumes: Boosbeck and Byker, Trewethen and Treroosel - from the Norse heritage of England’s north east, to Cornwall's Celtic roots. With a map the landscape around you is defined. Geography, history, ecology - learn how to crack the codes and layers of meaning are revealed.
With maps you also see more than the immediate view. Every time I spread out one of my paper Ordnance Survey maps, or open up OS Maps on my phone, I'm struck by the sheer scale of the places I haven't been - coves, tors, cliffs, rivers, moors - each 1km square offers new possibilities, and often new ways to experience them: hike, swim, surf, kayak, climb - there's always so much more to explore.
And map reading can be part of a broader transformation. Like any
learned skill, it broadens knowledge. Knowledge helps foster confidence.
Being confident in your actions means you tend to do more. Doing more
proves you can do it. Feeling you can do things means you take on more
challenges - which of course you nail, and so the cycle of empowerment
continues. I've seen this happen clearly and powerfully - through
attending map reading courses, through British Exploring expeditions
(see my article for This Girl Can),
and the BE Challenge. And crucially I've also see it through being a
GetOutside Champion. I've seen the Champions spread the GetOutside word
and help enrich - even change lives. Something which sometimes starts
with a map in the hand.