A Tale of three Norths
When you first start to map read or work with a compass, the one element that always causes most confusion is that of North! We should all know that the top of the map is North - but which one?
Now the clocks have changed, make sure you're safe cycling in the dark with Helen Pollard's top tips.
Some of the most spectacular adventures can happen at dusk and beyond.
With the clocks going back at the end of October the temptation not to venture outside in the evenings is a strong one. It is definitely not my favourite time of the year! However, it is a mistake to disappear inside, some of the most spectacular adventures can happen at dusk and beyond.
We are therefore determined to minimise the impact the change in daylight hours has on our community cycling activities and we aim to continue to encourage children and families to GetOutside safely on their bikes all year round. However, we do need to rise to the challenge the night skies pose us.
Wensleydale in the Yorkshire Dales is the 2nd darkest place in the England so perfect for star gazing and getting lost. To avoid navigational mistakes and acknowledging that cyclists are at greater risk at night on our roads we decided to develop a Dark Skies Riding plan!
The first part of our plan was a bit of Professional Development. We undertook a specialist training course with Cycling UK, designed to enhance the skills we have as cycling instructors to lead groups safely at night time.
This was an excellent opportunity for us to put together some top tips for staying safe in the dark (this course is open to all through www.cycling.co.uk)
The key message is... Be seen and be able to see!
In our experience having the reflective strips integrated into the standard clothing such as the jacket is a good alternative to add-ons which often don’t fit children well and can be a little bit workman like! Also, helmets are now available in brilliant colours such as Lazer’s flash yellow.
Bikes MUST by law fitted with a red rear reflector. White front reflectors can also help you to be seen.
If you are an everyday cycling commuter, full reflector tyres are available from Continental Schwalbe tyre manufactures and are excellent to be seen from the side which can be a black spot.
The UK Highway law requires that at night your bike MUST have a white front and red rear lights lit.
There are lots on the market. When choosing we do recommend you pick lights that can be recharged, they use batteries similar to those in your mobile phone. The days of disposable bike lights are gone. There are a few cheap versions still available, but they are really not worth it.
As with most outdoor equipment it does pay to invest as you improve longevity, reliability, weather protection and ease of use.
If you are only going to ride in urban areas, then then important requirement is you light choice allows you to be seen by other road users and are often described as commuter lights.
They have a wider beam angles and side illumination but a lower lumen (measure of strength, 1 candle=12 lumens). A light between 100-200 lumens is perfect to be seen with for a ride to work or school.
Our tried and tested recommendations:
If you’re going to be riding on unlit roads and paths at night, then you will want a light that will help you to see the pot holes in front and round corners however not so power they will dangerously dazzle other road users.
If you are riding at a normal commuting speed, then a front light of 200-600 lumens is recommended.
These more powerful lights start at approx £70.
If Mountain Biking is your thing or if you fancy taking the kids away from busy roads, then you need a very powerful bar mounted front light. You need to consider a light that is greater than 1000 lumens. High powered off-road lights feature the ability to "toggle" down the light level; so you can light up the world when needed, but conserve battery life, on those long rides. Some of the most powerful lights have a capacity when fully charged of 4500 lumens.
In addition to a bar mounted light, a helmet mounted light with a narrower beam will help you to see round corners and spot any additional hazards that might be lost in the shadow of your main light.
Our tried and tested recommendations:
What is normal and familiar quickly becomes confusing at night. Here are our top 5 tips for not getting lost in the dark.
Essential kit must include a location specific OS Map and a decent compass. Make sure you are comfortable using both. Remember your smart phone is an excellent bit of extra kit with OS Maps and OS Locate apps loaded and ready to go but the cold night air will play havoc with battery life so CANNOT ever replace the paper copy.
We also carry waterproof outdoor tech power packs and with the correct leads you can recharge phones and give a boost to failing lights in emergency situations. Ours also has a built-in torch ideal for map reading.
Do not be put off by the extra kit and preparation. The more you practise the easier it gets.
Cycling at night, if safely undertaken, can make a normal ride with kids exciting, fun and much more enjoyable.